Saturday, July 14, 2012

طرق الري في مصر القديمة - Irrigation methods in ancient Egypt

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The Egyptians depended on the annual Nile flood to cover their fields of black silt and to irrigate their crops. They measured the flood to determine their taxes. They built canals and dams so that water could be transported from the Nile for irrigation and drinking. The Egyptians created tools to help collect water from the Nile to the surface fields.

Mandolins and means of irrigation in ancient Egypt :

The ancient Egyptians dug canals to direct water to places far from the banks of the Nile and used the chadouf, a FLIR, to bring water from the Nile or a canal to higher areas.
A sweep is a long pole which pivots on a high post and is used to raise and lower a bucket of water from a river or canal. This is illustrated in the tomb of the API, in Deir el-Medina.

Water was also transported in jugs that have been made ​​with a yoke, which is illustrated in some scenes of everyday life.

The ancient Egyptians dug along a canal called Bahr Yousuf to bring water from the Nile to the Fayoum depression for irrigation.

The tanbour tool for raising water
(irrigation systems) :

Increase the water level from the Nile to the surface of agricultural land was a very important activity in Egypt. An invention called the tanbur made ​​this task easier. The well-known scientist, Archimedes invented the tanbur during his stay in Alexandria and named the "Archimedes screw."

It consists of a piece of wood in the form of a screw surrounded by a disk nestled. The lower part of the tanbur is placed in water and rotated, causing the water to the height higher levels. The tanbur has been adopted by many generations of Egyptians to the present.
Egyptian peasants still use it in times of low water levels.

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